Tram&bike;–routes (TBRs) for Vienna
TBRs combine an advancement in cyclist facilities with the correction of shortcomings in the tram system in Vienna. TBRs ought to be installed alongside those already existing tram routes that connect centre and outskirts. On TBRs the tram runs on its proper track, while the street on both sides of the track is reserved for bikes. TBRs are priority roads, i.e. cross-roads are subordinated.
There has been a long tradition of disregard of cyclist mobility in Vienna1, whereas the public transport system is rather well-developed, but hampered by the right of way for cars. Cyclists face the problem of having to trail between parking and riding cars inhaling emissions. Trams, on the other hand, run efficiently except in cases where cars block the tracks: Only one car obstructing tram traffic may force up to 200 passengers to get off the tram. This happens several times per day on certain tram lines in Vienna. TBRs clear the way for non-motorized traffic participants and offer a new infrastructure for cyclists and tramway passengers.
A FAST AND SAFE CONNECTION
Cyclists ride on a main road where they have the right of way. TBRs offer a clear view without parking and riding cars. There is no risk of getting hit by a car door. Tramways are – compared to parking and riding cars – calculable participants in traffic as they don’t change the lane.
Tramway passengers can finally rely on the tram, as no parking offenders block the tramway route. Tram stop shelters are transparent in order to give the highest possible visibility to all traffic participants.
The former parking lanes are converted partially to pavements and partially to cycle paths so that cyclists and pedestrians gain more space. Pedestrians benefit from a clear view without parking and riding cars when they cross the street.
Delivery zones in TBRs are limited to certain hours of the day or to cross-roads so as not to obstruct the tram&bike-traffic.;
REVITALIZED INNER-CITY ECONOMIC LIFE
TBRs support local supply and facilitate inner-city shopping, e.g. with hop-on-hop-off-tickets. TBRs encourage new business models for an alternative clientele and facilitate shopping for parents with baby-buggies and for the elderly. TBRs offer a new quality of living in car traffic-reduced areas.
TBRs are designed to increase the number of cyclists participating in traffic. TBRs facilitate urban cycling also for families and the elderly. They encourage the daily use of bike or tram at any time of the year. TBRs calm traffic, improve the air quality and revitalize inner-city economic life. TBRs shift transport to environmentally sound modes and encourage people to switch from private car use to cycling, walking, and the use of public transportation.
1. http://derstandard.at/1246543654674/Vernachlaessigung-des-Radverkehrs-in-Wien-hat-lange-Tradition (derStandard.at, 11. 8. 2009)
Category: Urban Planning and Urban Design